Basically the process of ‘Sanskar’ has three components, namely:
Making up Deficiency (Heenangpoorti)
Value Enrichment (Gunaadhaan)
(a) We know about diamonds, which reach us after undergoing many processes. A raw diamond stone when extracted from mines looks like an ordinary stone. In the first place dust and other foreign materials are removed by cleaning. Then the process of refinement, cutting, polishing etc. is carried out to transform it into a finished diamond. Then only that diamond is made into an ornament so that it becomes more beautiful, useful and valuable. The process of transforming the raw diamond stone into a finished diamond is the ‘Sanskar’ of raw diamond. The act of cleaning, removing dust and other foreign material is purification, the act of refinement, cutting, finishing, polishing is ‘making up the deficiency’ and the act of making it into an ornament is ‘value enrichment’.
(b) Similarly while making bread (chapaties), the raw wheat has to undergo many processes such as separation of wheatgrain from straws and cleaning it, then grinding it into flour. Thereafter the water is mixed into it to make the dough and further with the help of fire, bread/chapaties are made. The act of separation of wheat from grain straws/dust and cleaning is purification. Grinding it to make flour is ‘value enrichment” and then mixing appropriate amount of water/salt etc. for making dough can be compared with ‘making up deficiency, and making chapati from the dough with the help of fire is again ‘value enrichment’. This process can be termed as the ‘Sanskar’ of wheat straw.
In the same way every man at the time of birth is like a raw diamond. With the help of the process of ‘Sanskar’, the negative mental tendencies/ thoughts existing in him are eradicated/ wiped out and human values are inculcated. Further, by enriching him with more human qualities he is transformed into an ideal & excellent personality, who is more valuable, useful and performs his duties diligently towards himself, the family, the society and the universe. The act of eradicating/wiping out of the negative tendencies/ thoughts, which may be hereditary and/or may have been acquired from the surroundings is ‘purification’, the act of inculcating human values in his subconscious which he lacks is ‘making up deficiency’ and further the act of enriching him with human qualities and transforming him into an excellent and exemplary person is ‘value enrichment’.
Thus process of “Sanskar” is
To purify a person physically, mentally and spiritually and to eradicate/ weed out the negative mental thoughts and tendencies (Dosh), which may exist in a person at the time of his birth and/or which he may have acquired from his family and surrounding environment.
To makeup the deficiency of human values which he lacks.
To inculcate qualities and transform him into an ideal, compassionate, responsible, dutiful and outstanding person who follows his duties diligently towards himself, his family, the society and the universe.
If the human values through the process of ‘Sanskar’ are inculcated in the subconscious (Avachetan) of a person during his formative years, adherence to these values becomes part of his nature and habits. The actions of a person, to an extent, are governed by the strong feelings/emotions surging in his subconscious. These values ‘imbibed in his subconscious’ guide his thoughts and actions throughout his life. ‘Sanskar’ is the only way of ‘imbibing human value in the subconscious’.
If a man continuously hears bad words, thinks bad thoughts, does bad actions, his mind will be full of bad impressions; and they will influence his thoughts and work without his being conscious of the fact and they will force him to do evil. He will be like a machine in the hands of strong impressions in his sub-conscious. Similarly, when a man does good work, thinks good, there is an irresistible tendency in him to do good. Even if he wishes to do evil, his mind will not allow him to do so. Therefore, we have to make conscious efforts to build an environment & atmosphere and create situations which may leave positive impressions on our minds. A human mind is most susceptible during childhood. Thus human values are most easily imbibed by the person during his formative years.
Kinds of Sanskar
A man undergoes two kinds of Sanskars namely ‘Physical/ Social Sanskar’ and ‘Sanskar of self’. The former is a Sanskar for the seen and the latter is for inner conscious. Physical Sanskars are varied based on various factors such as country like European Sanskars, Asian Sanskars, Indian Sanskars (In Indian Sanskars also there are South Indian & North Indian Sanskars etc). Besides, there are religion related Sanskars, time related Sanskars, caste related Sanskars and community related Sanskars etc. But the Sanskars of self or inner conscious are beyond time and area. Irrespective of the country, community, caste, religion or praying system, Sanskars of self are the same for all. In the absence of subtle body sanskars, the physical Sanskars carry no substance. Hence, along with the physical Sanskars, the Sanskars of the self are also needed, essentially to purify a person mentally, socially and spiritually and to enable him to eradicate/weed out his negative mental tendencies (Dosh) & thoughts, which may exist in a person at the time of his birth and/or which he may have acquired from his family and surrounding environment and inculcate human values and qualities in his subconscious.
It is necessary that their negative tendencies are controlled, purged and eradicated and they are empowered to imbibe positive tendencies in their subconscious. The deficiencies in human values are made up and human quality be inculcated to transform them into good human being. None else but only ‘Sanskar’ can do the task.
Therefore building of character and inculcating human values in the subconscious of a person during his childhood through the process of ‘Sanskar’ is a prime necessity, irrespective of his religion, faith, caste, creed and culture. We all reap what we sow. If human values are planted/sowed in the subconscious of the children, they will grow up into ideal human who will form a value based society. They will also be effective instruments of reforming the society at macro level. Thus sowing/planting human values through the process of ‘Sanskar’ in a person during his childhood is the need of the time so that the next generation is not devoid of human values.